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The most common diseases in India that has influenced millions of people

India is a vast country, and so is the Population and The Diseases. People are getting more and busier each day, thus not getting time to look after themselves and their Health. But they don’t have the slightest idea that what they are ignoring to be as a normal cough or a plain headache could be a life-threatening disease, but how do they get to know about the disease when they don’t have basic knowledge of it.

In the following articles, we will be representing you “The Causes and Symptoms” of a few common and most vulnerable diseases that people most likely attract.

1. Diarrhoea

Stomach flu,DiarrhoeaAlso known as “Stomach Flu”- Diarrhoea is termed as a condition in which your Faeces are discharged frequently and in a liquid form through the bowels. 

Diarrhoea ranges from Mild Condition and Temporary Condition to the Life-Threatening State. These can be categorised into two categories:-

  1. Acute Diarrhoea-Diarrhoea lasting for a few days is called Acute Diarrhoea.
  2. Chronic Diarrhoea-Diarrhoea that lasts for a few weeks or months is called Chronic Diarrhoea, which can result in life-threatening issues too.

Symptoms

  • Stomach Ache
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Cramping/Bloating
  • Thin or Loose Stool(Bowler Movement)
  • Sudden Weight Loss

Causes

  •  Caused By Viral Infections
  • Allergies From Food
  • Reaction Due To Certain Medications

Prevention

  • Drink Fluids In Excess Amount
  • Avoid Dairy Products
  • Avoid Fatty Food
  • Consume Digestible Foods Like Soups, Unseasoned Rice, Oats etc

2. Malaria

malariaMalaria is a serious Disease caused and spread due to a mosquito bite. Malaria is termed as a killer in terms of Medical Language.

Symptoms

  • Fever Up-to 100.4 F Or Above
  • Vomiting
  • Sweating
  • Muscle And Body Pain
  • Severe Headache

Causes

  • A Bite From Parasite-Infected Mosquito

Prevention

  • Use Of Mosquito Repellent
  • Keep Your Nearby Area Clean And Avoid Storage Of Water Unnecessarily

3. HIV/AIDS

HIV Aids, hands, supportHIV(Human Immunodeficiency Disease Virus) is the early stage of AIDS(Acquired Immunodeficiency syndrome). If HIV is left untreated, it leads to AIDS.

Symptoms

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle And Joint Pain
  • Skin Rash Esp. Near Neck
  • Sore Throat
  • Swollen Lymph Glands
  • Oral Yeast Infection
  • Diarrhoea
  • Weight Loss
  • Fatigue

Causes

  • Use Of Contaminated Surgical Equipment
  • Infected Blood Transfusion
  • Sexual Transmission
  • Perinatal Transmission

Prevention

  • Using Protection During Sexual Practice
  • Getting Tested And Testing For Your Partners HIV Status
  • Limiting Sexual Partners
  • Avoid Drug Intake

Myths

  • Sharing Of Clothes
  • Mosquito Bites
  • Socialising With The HIV Positive Person
  • Sneezes Or Coughs
  • Using Same Toilet Seats
  • Touching/Hugging/Kissing

4. Typhoid

Typhoid-Fever-SymptomsTyphoid or Typhoid Fever is a bacterial infection caused due to Salmonella typhi.

Symptoms

  • Fever Slowly Starting And Then Speeds Up As High As 104.9 F
  • Headaches
  • Weakness/Fatigue
  • Abdominal Pain
  • Rash
  • Muscle Pain
  • Dry Cough
  • Diarrhoea/Constipation

Causes

  • Using The Toilet Infected with bacteria And Touching Your Mouth With The Same hands Before Cleaning Gives Germs Entry To Your System
  • Consuming Contaminated Food Or Water
  • Practising Sexual Activities With A Person Infected with Salmonella Typhi Bacteria

Prevention

  • Take Vaccinations Time To Time
  • Wash Hands Before Eating Food, Cooking.
  • Clean Hands Properly After Using Toilet
  • Avoid Street Food As Much As Possible

5. Diabetes

DiabetesDiabetes or Diabetes Mellitus is a condition a person’s Blood Sugar Level increases due to inadequate insulin production or because of the unresponsive state of the body cells to the insulin. These are categorised into two types:-

  1. Type 1:-In Type 1 Diabetes Pancreas stops producing Insulin
  2. Type 2:-In Type 2 Diabetes either Pancreas stops producing Insulin or Cells don’t react to Insulin production

Symptoms

  • Frequent Urination
  • Hunger
  • Thirsty Than Usual
  • Sudden Weight Loss/Weight Gain
  • Blurred Vision
  • Skin Itching
  • Oral Problems

Causes

  • Family Genetics
  • Increase In Age
  • Increase In Blood Sugar Rate

Prevention

  • Getting More Active Physically
  • Losing Weight
  • Healthier Choices To Diet
  • Limit Alcohol Consumption
  • Eliminate Smoking

6. Obesity

10570637-largeObesity is referred to as gaining more than necessary body fat. In that state, a person is termed as “unhealthy” or is automatically risked to diseases. It is diagnosed when The Body Mass Index(BMI) reaches 30 or more. The formula for calculating BMI is -weight(km) upon height(m).

 

BMIWeight status
Below 18.5Underweight
18.5-24.9Normal
25.0-29.9Overweight
30.0-34.9Obese (Class I)
35.0-39.9Obese (Class II)
40.0 and higherExtreme obesity (Class III)

Source: As per WHO

Symptoms

  • Snoring
  • Breathlessness
  • Exhausted
  • Increased Sweating
  • Increase In Clothing Size
  • Extra fat Around Areas Such As Arms, Waist, Calves, Thighs etc
  • High Body Mass Index

Causes

  • Too Much Eating
  • Lack Of Physical Activity
  • Family Genetics
  • Hormonal Imbalance
  • Emotional Factors

Prevention

  • Regular Exercise
  • Healthy food Intake
  • Limit Salt Use
  • Avoid Sugar

7. Blood Pressure

Blood-pressureBlood pressure can be defined as the force that the heart uses to pump blood around the body. If there were no Blood Pressure at all, survival wouldn’t be possible. Thus a healthy Blood Pressure is necessary to supply Oxygen and Energy to the Body.

Symptoms

  • Severe Headache
  • Blurred Vision
  • Chest Pain
  • Shortness in Breath
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Causes

  • Genetic Issues
  • Consumption Of Excess salt
  • Stress
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol Consumption
  • Unavailability Of Physical Activity
  • Old Age
  • Thyroid Disorders

Prevention

  • Eating A Balanced Diet
  • Monitoring Blood Pressure On Daily Basis
  • Exercising Regularly
  • Ban Of Smoke And Alcohol
  • Reducing Stress

8. Depression

depressionDepression is getting a constant feeling of Misery, Sadness, Unhappiness, Dejection or sorrow. It affects the mood and behaviour of a person to such an extent that lose faith and self-confidence.

Symptoms

  • Self Loathing
  • Recklessness
  • Severe aches and pains
  • Angry And Sullen
  • Losing Interest In Any Involvement To Activities
  • Anxiety
  • Change In sleeping Habits

Causes

  • Biological Differences
  • Hormonal Issues
  • Family History
  • Personality Disorder
  • Drug And Alcohol

Prevention

  • Healthy Diet
  • Regular Exercise
  • Relaxing
  • Try To Be Happy
  • Seek Help From Family And Friends

9. Breast Cancer

Heart framing on woman chest with pink badge

Breast Cancer is a Malignant Tumour that starts to produce in Breast Cells. These cells grow in the areas distant from the body. Most women are prone to it, but men are sometimes captured by it too.

Symptoms

  • Tender Nipples
  • Formation Of Lumps Near Nipple Area Or Under Arms
  • Swelling In The Armpit
  • Change In The Overall Size or Texture Of The Nipple
  • A Strained Blood Discharge From The Nipple

Causes

  • Dense Breast Tissues
  • Cosmetic Surgery
  • Obesity
  • Due To Breast Lumps
  • Genetics
  • History Of Breast Cancer
  • Radiation Exposure
  • Weight Gain

Prevention

  • Avoid Gaining Weight
  •  Breast Feed Your Baby For Long Period
  • Limit Protein
  • Increase Eating Healthy Food
  • Avoid Alcohol
  • Limit Hormone Therapy

 

10. Heart Disease

Cardiovascular-DiseaseIt is a Cardiovascular Disease that develops a condition in which Blood Vessels are either blocked or nearly narrowed, resulting in a massive Heart attack, Chest Pain or Stroke.

Symptoms

  • Shortness Of Breath
  • Fast Heartbeat
  • Heartburn
  • Indigestion
  • Pressure Or Heaviness In Chest And Arm
  • Extreme Weakness Or Anxiety

Causes

  • Diabetes
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Certain Medications
  • High Cholesterol

Prevention

  • Quit Smoking And Drinking
  • Healthy And Nutritional Diet
  • Controlling Weight
  • Controlling Blood Pressure